Tuesday, September 8, 2009

Mobile Network Technology

Introduction to Mobile Technology and Communications
Here you will learn about mobile technologies, mobile phones, wireless communication introduction, overview to gsm, gprs, sms and mms reviews. A cellular or mobile phone is a long range portable electronic device for communication over long distance.
Current Mobile Phones can support many latest services such as SMS, GPRS, MMS, email, packet switching, WAP, Bluetooth and many more. Most of the mobile phones connect to the cellular networks and which further connected with the PSTN (Public switching telephone network).

Mobile Network Technology
Mobile phones and their network vary very significantly from provider to provider and country to country. However the basic communication method of all of them is through the electromagnetic microwaves with a cell base station. The cellular companies have large antennas, which are usually mounted over towers, buildings and poles. The cell phones have low-power transceivers that transmit voice and data to the nearest sites usually within the 5 to 8 miles (8 to 13 kilometers away).

When a mobile device or phone is turned on, it registers with the mobile telephone exchange or switch. It is a unique identifier and is alerted by the mobile switch when there is an incoming phone call.

The handset listens for the strong signals from the nearest base stations. When a user moves, the mobile device handoff to various nearest sites during phone calls or while waiting between calls it reselect the nearest cell phone sites.

Cell sites have relatively less power radio transmitters. They broadcast their presence and relay communications between the mobile handsets and the switch. On the other hand, the switch connects the call to the same or another mobile network or subscriber. The dialogue between the mobile phone handset and the cell phone site is a stream of the digital data, which includes the digitized audio. This technology depends on the same system as of mobile phone operator. Some mobile phone technologies have adopted the AMPS for the analog communication and D-AMPS, CDMA2000, EVDO, GSM, UMTS, and GPRS for the digital communication. Each mobile phone network has a unique radio frequency.

There are different mobile communication methods, such as SMS, WAP, WLAN, WIFI, GPRS, Bluetooth, Infrared, IrDA and I-Phone etc. Mobile phones are different from the cordless telephones because they only operate within the specific range. Many types of the mobile computers have been introduced including the Laptop computer, Subnotebook, Portable data terminal (PDT), Personal digital assistance (PDA), Tablet personal computer and smart phone.

Mobile phone features
Mobile phones have features beyond sending text messages and making the short or long distance voice calls, the other features including internet browsing, mp3 playback music, email, personal organizer, built in cameras, MMS, PPT, SMS, call registries, built in games, voice mails, downloading, video call, Bluetooth, infrared and they also serve as the wireless modem for a pc. In many countries of the world such as Australia, Pakistan, India, Maldives and Israel the incoming calls are free. However, in Canada, Hong Kong and the United states a person can be charged per minute for the incoming calls. Few mobile phones carriers in the United States are beginning to receive unlimited phone calls. Mobile technology has both negative and positive impact on every day’s life.

Health impact
Since the invention of the mobile phones many concerns have been raised about the potential health from the mobile phones. Study at the Danish Institute of cancer epidemiology does not show any link between cancer and mobile phone usage. This study only covers the analog phone usage till 1995. However the study by the International Agency for research on cancer shows link between cellular phone usage and tumor frequency.

Mobile dating
Mobile dating also known as cell dating and it allows users to chat, meet and possible involves in romance by SMS, chatting and the web. These services allow their subscribers to provide information about themselves in a short profile and which is stored in the cell phone sets as a dating ID. The users can search for the other IDS or call at a number given to them by the service. Users can find others with the criteria of age, location and gender. Most of these sites are free to use but the standard fees of SMS and dating service charges can apply per minute. Mobile dating websites focus attention on users that share the same social network and proximity.Some cellular companies offer services such as homing device. This service alerts the users when someone is within the thirty feet of the user. Some cellular companies use Bluetooth technology to connect the users in the bars, clubs and social gatherings and this service is called proximity dating. These services are more popular in European countries, United States, Australia and Canada. Mobile dating websites are gaining popularity.

Mobile Learning
M-learning’ is the follow up of E-learning and which originates from D-learning (distance learning). M-learning is the delivery of education to the students who are not having fixed location or who prefer to use mobile phone technology for learning. The rapid growth in the mobile and communication sector make it possible to develop new forms of education. M-learning means delivery of education by means of the mobile phone devices, PDAs and audio players. M-learners seek the lessons in the small format.

Mobile software
Windows mobile, Palm OS and Symbian OS supports typical application binaries as found on the personal computers. Windows mobile also supports portable executable format which is associated with the .NET Framework. Both Windows Mobile and Palm OS provide free SDK and integrated development environment for the developers. BREW is another format which gives complete control of the handset and access to all its functions. Java (J2ME, Java ME) runs atop a virtual machine, which allows reasonable functionalities. Because of the extra security and compatibility, it is quite simple to write, distribute and execute the mobile Java applications.

Mobile Internet
According to the many sources, one of the major factors of the usage of mobile internet is its speed. Mobile internet has faster connection. Due to this fact, many users tend to use mobile internet. The introduction of the 3G cards has a competitive high speed. All the current service providers and trying to increase their bandwidth to get more customers. The numbers of mobile phones that are cable of surfing the net have been increasing rapidly. One of the greatest problems when browsing the net on the cell phones is the small size of the screen. Because of this many developers are developing the websites that can easily be seen on the cell phones as well
Mobile society.

Ongoing debates about the cyberspace, e-computing and E-commerce have suggested that the online world somehow will be dramatically different from the life in the analog world. It is true that E-commerce continues to grow and the specific locations of the persons and businesses do not matter that much anyone. This is also true that now we are seeing forums, blogs, discussion groups and social network to re-socialize and form new tribes on the internet. It seems that everyday we are increasingly connected via technologies such as email, cellular phones, instant messaging and all of these technologies are increasingly interconnected with each other. When we communicate on our cell phones, we are also mobile in the sense that we can move freely while in the constant communication.

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